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Gold Mining and Labor Concerns amp Rights South Africa amp China

Discover how labor practices in dirty gold mining force gold miners to work in dangerous conditions for little money trapping them in poverty

Labour unrest forces Harmony Gold to close South African mine

20 Dec 2012 Harmony Gold Mining NYSE HMY announced Thursday it has closed its Kusasalethu mine in South Africa a day earlier than planned for the festive holiday season due to violent demonstrations following the suspension of 578 workers

SA 39 s jobs gold mine heads for exhaustion Business M amp G

7 Feb 2013 quot We will all have to accept the fact that the traditional way of mining in South Africa with its reliance on cheap low skilled and plentiful labour is over It is not sustainable quot Mamphela Ramphele chairperson of world number four gold bullion producer Goldfields told the conference on Wednesday

The centrality of labor time in South African gold mining since 1886

Labor time as a dimension of South African mining labor history has been ignored both conceptually and historically This article remedies this yawning gap by presenting primary and secondary evidence which demonstrates the centrality of labor time in South African gold mines since the discovery of gold in 1886 To this nbsp

The Recruiting of Chinese Indentured Labour for the South African

THE RECRUITING OF CHINESE INDENTURED LABOUR FOR THE SOUTH AFRICAN GOLD MINES 1903 19081 BY PETER RICHARDSON THE consolidation and initial development of European colonial empires in Africa South East Asia and the Pacific in the last two decades of the nineteenth and the first decade of nbsp

Mines and Labour Migrants in Southern Africa Wiley Online Library

Mines and Labour Migrants in Southern Africa TSHIDISO MALOKA Jonathan Crush Alan Jeeves and David Yudelman South Africa 39 s Labor Empire A History of Black Migrancy to the Gold Mines Westview Press David Philip Boulder Cape Town 1991 xvi 266 pp Patrick Harries Work Culture and Identity Migrant nbsp

Labour time in South African gold mines 1886 2006 CiteSeerX

25 Apr 1999 The core question of this thesis is why working time in South African gold mining has been so stable and addresses the significance of this fact The working or labour time of miners and mineworkers is shown to have been remarkably stable for a century since 1911 By construing the length of the migrant nbsp

Swazi migrant workers and the Witwatersrand gold mines 1886 1920

At the core of southern Africa 39 s industrial revolution were the gold mines of the Witwatersrand The insatiable needs of the gold mining industry for cheap unskilled black labour and the struggles of African communities to maintain a rural productive base led to the emergence of South Africa 39 s notorious migrant labour system nbsp

Trends in productivity in the South African gold mining industry

Trends in productivity in the South African gold mining industry only AngloGold Ashanti and Harmony Gold reported labour productivity between 2010 and 2014 Therefore trends in labour productivity were presented for the period reported This practice in reporting is not strange to the mining industry as Neingo and nbsp

the gold of migrant labour South African History Online

THE days when each country in Africa was an island are over and few know this better than South Africa 39 s vast and wealthy gold mining industry Migrant labour for the Union 39 s mines long the fly wheel of Union 39 Native policy 39 is today being drawn not only from the Union but from nine countries in Southern and Central nbsp

A century of migrant labour in the gold mines of South Africa SAIMM

The discovery of commercial quantities of gold in the former Transvaal of South Africa in 18961 came twenty years after the exploitation of diamonds in the northen Cape Labour practices followed the existing migratory pattern for domestic and foreign labour in industry a pattern which exists to this day Gold miners like nbsp

Migrant Labour in South Africa 39 s Mining Economy The Struggle for

For almost a century gold mining has dominated the South African economy Even today after many years of rapid economic growth and diversification the gold mines remain the principal source of foreign exchange and a major contributor of state revenue through taxation They continue to be one of the country 39 s largest nbsp

The Extrusion of Foreign Labour from the South African Gold Mining

Abstract The South African gold mining industry has traditionally drawn its migrant labour force from a variety of domestic and foreign labour reservoirs Since 1970 the migrant labour system has undergone profound change with considerable social and economic implications for foreign workers their home communities nbsp

Migrant Labour in South Africa 39 s Mining Economy McGill Queen 39 s

This book is a study of the origins of migratory labour and racial discrimination in South Africa 39 s premier industry the gold mines of the Witwatersrand Based upon government records and private business archives it examines the highly competitive world of mine labour recruiting at the turn of the century and concludes that nbsp

History of South Africa 39 s Cheap Labour Economy The 1946 Miners

21 Aug 2012 Sordid deals between Portuguese East Africa and Apartheid South Africa ensured forced labour to be recruited for the mines and by 1929 there were 115 000 Mozambicans working underground It has been said wrote First in her study of migrant Mozambican miners that the wealth of Reef gold mines nbsp

Sabinet A century of migrant labour in the gold mines of South Africa

1 Mar 2004 Our purpose is to record and to explain the widely changing numbers of the huge total of black workers on the gold mines of South Africa over the century from 1896 to 1996 These men were recruited from up to twenty territories and their contributions are examined The major areas providing labour over nbsp

Mining Conditions in South Africa Mining in Africa

8 Jan 2017 South Africa in particular has a massive mining industry – it is a major source of diamonds gold platinum and coal and is home to most of the deepest mines in the world With a vast African miners But for Nigeria the DRC and other African countries there is another severely grim issue child labour

South African mining Stuck in the past Financial Times

1 Apr 2014 Critics warn that the migrant labour system threatens the stability of important gold and platinum producers

Labour Migration and South Africa Department of Labour

Foreign labour migration to the South African gold mines 1920 1990 3 Table 2 history of migration to South Africa by country 4 Table 3 Foreign born Africans in South Africa 1911 1985 5 Table 4 Total people born by region outside of South Africa by province and gender 8 Table 5 Total border crossings nbsp

AFRICA INVESTMENT South Africa 39 s migrant mine labour conundrum

17 Oct 2013 South Africa 39 ssystem of migrant mine labour has come under renewed scrutiny with government and company officials blaming it for a host This migrant labour force which built a gold industry that has produced a third of the bullion ever mined was sourced from homelands far from the shafts where nbsp

Foreign labour on the South African gold mines HeinOnline

International Labour Review Vol 126 No 2 March April 1987 Foreign labour on the South African gold mines New insights on an old problem Fion de VLETTER I Introduction In October 1986 the South African Government took an extraordinary political decision which betrayed a surprising lack of perception about nbsp

Mining Is Still Key to South African Economy NYTimes com

25 Aug 1987 LEAD By withholding their labor from South Africa 39 s gold and coal mines the members of the National Mineworkers 39 Union have focused their strength on a resource that has largely defined South Africa 39 s place as a modern industrial state

South Africa 39 s Gold Mines Face Uncertain Future WSJ

1 Sep 2015 South Africa 39 s gold mining industry must undergo radical change to cope with falling prices intensifying labor disputes and the surging cost of ever deeper exploration

Migrant Labor South Africa Overcoming Apartheid

Photograph Gold mine tailings outside Johannesburg By Neil Leighton 1989 Photograph Young coal miners in South Africa By U N Photo Migrant labor provided abundant cheap African labor for white owned mines and farms and later factories and at the same time enforced racial segregation of land Male migrants nbsp

A story of South Africa Mining Migration Misery Daily Maverick

14 Apr 2014 Back in the mid 1970s when this writer first came to South Africa to work one of the things that seemed mandatory to do was to visit some of the country 39 s famous – or infamous – diamond and gold mines Reading about them was one thing but even reading all those Jim Comes to Joburg style novels of nbsp

Labour in the South African Gold Mines 1911†1969 IDEAS RePEc

The main theme of this 1972 book the determination of wages is introduced by a historical analysis of the labour market in the mines and an examination of the economics and financial structure of the gold mining industry Dr Wilson believes that successive South African governments used the gold mining industry when nbsp

Challenges Facing the South African Gold Mining Industry LBMA

The South African gold industry is mainly characterised by deep level hard rock mining The inherent technical constraints and the difficulties of labour intensive mining working away at persistently declining grades has put a lot of pressure on many companies to increase efficiencies in terms of productivity improvements –

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